Wide spreading: "God shall enlarge Japheth" (Heb. Yaphat Elohim le-Yephet, Gen. 9:27. Some, however, derive the name from yaphah, "to be beautiful;" hence white), one of the sons of Noah, mentioned last in order (Gen. 5:32; 6:10; 7:13), perhaps first by birth (10:21; comp. 9:24). He and his wife were two of the eight saved in the ark (1 Pet. 3:20). He was the progenitor of many tribes inhabiting the east of Europe and the north of Asia (Gen. 10:2-5). An act of filial piety (9:20-27) was the occasion of Noah's prophecy of the extension of his posterity.
   After the Flood the earth was re-peopled by the descendants of Noah, "the sons of Japheth" (Gen. 10:2), "the sons of Ham" (6), and "the sons of Shem" (22). It is important to notice that modern ethnological science, reasoning from a careful analysis of facts, has arrived at the conclusion that there is a three-fold division of the human family, corresponding in a remarkable way with the great ethnological chapter of the book of Genesis (10). The three great races thus distinguished are called the Semitic, Aryan, and Turanian (Allophylian). "Setting aside the cases where the ethnic names employed are of doubtful application, it cannot reasonably be questioned that the author [of Gen. 10] has in his account of the sons of Japheth classed together the Cymry or Celts (Gomer), the Medes (Madai), and the Ionians or Greeks (Javan), thereby anticipating what has become known in modern times as the Indo-European Theory,' or the essential unity of the Aryan (Asiatic) race with the principal races of Europe, indicated by the Celts and the Ionians. Nor can it be doubted that he has thrown together under the one head of 'children of Shem' the Assyrians (Asshur), the Syrians (Aram), the Hebrews (Eber), and the Joktanian Arabs (Joktan), four of the principal races which modern ethnology recognizes under the heading of Semitic.' Again, under the heading of sons of Ham,' the author has arranged Cush', i.e., the Ethiopians; Mizraim,' the people of Egypt; Sheba and Dedan,' or certain of the Southern Arabs; and Nimrod,' or the ancient people of Babylon, four races between which the latest linguistic researches have established a close affinity" (Rawlinson's Hist. Illustrations).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Japheth — (IPAEng|ˈdʒeɪfɪθ, Hebrew. יפת, Greek Ιάφεθ , Iapheth , Latin Iafeth or Iapetus, Arabic: يافث) is one of the sons of Noah in the Bible. In Arabic citations, his name is normally given as Yafeth ibn Nuh (Japheth son of Noah).Order of birth He is… …   Wikipedia

  • JAPHETH — (Heb. יֶפֶת), son of Noah, brother of shem and ham . In all the lists of Noah s sons, Japheth invariably appears in the third place (Gen. 5:32; 6:10; 7:13; 9:18; 10:1; I Chron. 1:4). However, on one occasion Ham is called the youngest son of Noah …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Japheth — youngest of the three sons of Noah, from L. Japheth, from Gk. Iapheth, from Heb. Yepheth, lit. enlargement, from causative form of the stem p t h to be wide, spacious …   Etymology dictionary

  • Japheth — [jā′feth΄] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec) < Heb yepheth, lit., enlargement: cf. Gen. 9:27] Bible the youngest of Noah s three sons: Gen. 5:32 …   English World dictionary

  • Japheth — noun Etymology: Latin Japheth or Greek Iapheth, from Hebrew Yepheth Date: before 12th century a son of Noah held to be the progenitor of the Medes and Greeks …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Japheth — noun a) The third son of Noah, brother to Shem and Ham. And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of …   Wiktionary

  • JAPHETH BEN ELI HA-LEVI — (Yefet ben Eli; Abū ʿAlī al Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī al Lāwī al Baṣrī; second half of tenth century), Karaite scholar in Jerusalem. Details of his life are not known. He was the only Karaite who wrote biblical commentaries in Arabic, accompanied by an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Japheth (disambiguation) — Japheth is one of the sons of Noah in the Bible.Japheth may also refer to:* Japheth Kimutai (born 1978), Kenyan middle distance runner * Levi ben Japheth (11th century), Karaite Jewish scholar …   Wikipedia

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